" High value-added chemicals and BIoreSIns from alGae biorefineries produced from CO2 provided by industrial emissions "


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Potential of novel Dunaliella salina from sambhar salt lake, India, for bioremediation of hexavalent chromium from aqueous effluents: An optimized green approach

The potential of Dunaliella salina isolated from Sambhar Salt Lake (Rajasthan, India) for biosorption of hexavalent chromium Cr(VI) in aqueous solution has been examined under optimized culture conditions. The influence of various process parameters, such as pH (6–11), incubation time (48–120?h), metal concentration (5–25 mgL-1), inoculum dose (2–10% vv?1), and their combination effects during Cr(VI) sorbtion were analyzed by means of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) based on a 3-level Box-Behnken experiment design. Microalgae showed highest chromium biosorption with 66.4% efficiency at optimum pH (8.6) and 10% (vv?1) inoculum size within 120?h. The experimental data obtained were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) along with lower value of coefficient of variation (34%), indicated the well fitness of quadratic equation as proposed by response surface model. Involvement of the surface morphology of the microalgae biomass and elemental distribution was studied through Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopic (EDS), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis. The findings unequivocally corroborates that the novel microalgae inherits immense potential in alleviating the levels of toxic heavy metal, such as Cr(VI) from the hydrosphere at wide range of pH and metal concentrations. The present study provides a workable solution for bioremediation of hazardous heavy metals, in general, and Cr(VI) in specific from the industrial wastes like tannery effluents.

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» Author: Vidyalaxmi, Garima Kaushik, Kaisar Raza

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This project has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n [613680].

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